Xi’an Quick Facts
Xi’an (Chinese: literal meaning: “Western Peace”), is the capital of Shaanxi province in China and a sub-provincial city. Known as one of the most important cities in Chinese history, Xi’an is listed as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China because it has been the capital of 13 dynasties such as Zhou, Qin, Han, and Tang. Xi’an is also the eastern end of the Silk Road. The city has more than 3,100 years of history. It was called Chang’an, meaning “Perpetual Peace”, in ancient times. Xi’an is the largest and most developed city in the central to northwestern part of China and is ranked among the 10 largest cities in the nation.
Historically, Xi’an has been one of the most important cities in the world. The culture of Xi’an is inherited from the traditions of one of the world’s earliest civilizations. The Guanzhong Ren were the cultural antecedent of Xi’anese, their cultural features are drawn from the Ten Specialities of Guanzhong Ren. Another major part of this culture is Eight Great Sights of Chang’an; storied scenic areas in the region. The drama of the original Xi’anese culture, Qinqiang (Voice of Qin) is the oldest and most extensive Chinese Opera of the four major types of Chinese opera. The dialect of Xi’anese is Shaanxi Hua, which is being assimilated by Standard Mandarin, but still retains much grammar and pronunciation from the Classical Chinese. Because of its long development as a culture, the cuisine of Xi’an is extensive as well. It is the representative of food of Northwestern China. The most well known local food is the Xi’anese snack, a traditional food of the Hui people. Hui-style snacks feature beef and mutton because the Hui people do not eat pork. Baked beef and mutton, buns with beef, mutton pancake and mutton soup are some of the tasty Hui dishes you can enjoy in Xi’an.